IP is a critical element for early-stage companies, accounting for nearly 90% of a company’s value. With venture capitalists investing their money where their intellectual property lies, it’s imperative that your startup has adequate patent protection.

Patents are a key factor in attracting venture capital financing (VC) for startups. Patents are a form of legal protection that is granted by the government. They give the patent holder the exclusive right to use, make and sell their inventions for a specified period. Patents are a valuable tool for startups, as they provide a competitive edge, help increase market share and secure funding.

A strong patent portfolio can help a company to be more attractive to investors. VC firms are looking for companies that have a competitive advantage and are innovative. Investors will often provide more funding to startups with intellectual property protection. This is because it helps to ensure the long-term viability of the business, and reduces the risk that competitors may infringe on the ideas of the startup.

Patents can also increase the value of a company, which will help it to get a better valuation when raising money. This can result in more favorable terms, such as higher equity valuations or a lower dilution.

It is important to remember, however, that a patent alone does not guarantee a startup’s success or its ability to attract VC funding. Investors also take into account other factors such as the team strength, market potential, and overall business strategy. A strong patent portfolio will increase the likelihood of securing VC funds and can contribute to the success of a new startup.

Venture Capital Financing

The Effect of Patents on VC Financing

Intellectual property rights (IPs) are essential assets for start-ups and play an integral part in innovation processes. They guarantee protection of inventions against unauthorized use and enable licensing transactions that facilitate technology transfer and commercialization.

Patents are the result of R&D collaborations, in which a firm acquires an invention through research and development and in exchange is granted exclusive rights to exclude others from making, selling or using it. While these can create a limited monopoly, they also enable others to develop further innovations. Patents help companies recoup costs while reducing exposure to competitors – ultimately increasing profit potential.

When assessing a startup’s commercialisation potential, one key factor to consider is whether they have filed for patents or trademarks and have an established growth strategy. A strong IP portfolio with patents and/or trademarks can serve as proof of intent for expansion and increase the value of a business when sold in the future.

The connection between venture capital funding and the initial filing of patents or trademarks is complex, but it has been observed that startups with VC funding tend to file their first IP in the form of patents rather than trademarks. This has been attributed to exchange motives; patents demonstrate a startup’s technology and innovation capabilities to outside investors.

Conversely, trademarks serve to signal a startup’s marketing intent and can help establish relationships with external partners for funding or licensing income. As such, trademarks reduce funding costs for startups while increasing their attractiveness to external capital providers.

However, much remains to be discovered about the effects of patents on venture capital financing. We have yet to investigate the relationship between an initial filing for a patent or trademark and subsequent valuations of companies.

A patent portfolio that covers the full spectrum of technology from its inception is an important signal to venture capitalists (VCs). Unfortunately, this can be a challenging goal for early-stage startups to attain due to cost pressures and resource limitations. Below we discuss the effects of patenting on VC financing:

venture capital

1. The Effect of Patent Intensity on VC Financing

The venture capital (VC) investment decision process is often guided by a company’s intellectual property (IP) portfolio. Multiple studies have examined the relationship between VC value and patents, such as number of patent applications/granted quantity, citations and development activities.

In addition, VCs may take into account the overall complexity of a patent. This could be an indicator for novelty and re-deployability of an invention, which could have an impact on a firm’s growth trajectory and profitability in the long run. Furthermore, having more potential applications available to consider is desirable for VCs.

Although bibliometric metrics can be used to judge the quality of a patent, some are more precise than others. One such metric is the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index which counts all citations over an interval. Another useful metric is the citation graph which tracks patent citations over time.

However, the correlation between a Venture Capitalist’s patent portfolio and their funding decisions is weak. This is because the VC’s decision to invest in a particular company depends on numerous other factors like product market competition and patent protection regime.

Therefore, a deeper comprehension of the connection between VC’s patent portfolio, IP regime and financing decisions is needed. To this end, the authors present an original empirical analysis which explores how patent intensity affects VC financing decisions.

Their study examined 42 three-digit industries in China and compared their economic performance with their yearly added patent intensity. They discovered that some three-digit industries had better economic performance and lower patent intensity, while others experienced poorer economic outcomes with a higher intensity of added patents each year.

They then looked into the effects of patent intensity on various economic indicators, such as gross industrial output value (GIOV), employment ratio (ER) and fixed-asset investment per capita. They discovered that patent intensity had a significant influence on GIOV, ER and fixed-asset investment per capita.

They further demonstrated that higher patent intensity was linked to greater economic benefit. This was evident through higher new product sales revenue, increased R&D expenditure and greater employment and labor productivity. Generally, greater patent intensity was linked to stronger and more resilient economic performance.

2. The Effect of Patent Quality on VC Financing

Recent research revealed that patent quality is an important factor when seeking venture capital financing. Specifically, patent quality helps investors assess a company’s technical and market potential.

The term “patent quality” describes the ability of a patent examiner to make an accurate judgment about whether an application is valid and covers its relevant scope of protection as required by law. These assessments require knowledge not only of the underlying technology but also court rulings and how they have evolved over time.

A high level of patent quality can be achieved by crafting a patent that accurately and precisely reproduces the relevant structure in the specification and its corresponding claim language in the patent claims. Furthermore, it helps identify and rectify other drafting issues such as lack of adequate written descriptions, vague or indefinite claim language, and claims lacking proper antecedent bases.

We also discovered that patent assets that survive post-grant challenges such as inter partes reviews and ex parte reviews indicate higher patent quality. These assets are less likely to be challenged since they are more difficult to invalidate and have undergone more intense scrutiny.

Overall, our empirical results demonstrate that patent quality plays a significant role in VC valuation processes for both early stage and later stage companies. However, the influence of patent quality on VC financing is more prominent for early stage firms.

Furthermore, patent quality has a greater effect on VC valuation for patents granted in countries with higher standards for patent examination than for those granted in lower standards. This may be because applicants in high-standard countries tend to pursue stronger patents in an effort to secure a patent.

The impact of patent quality on venture capitalist financing can also vary based on the technology a firm is developing. For instance, patents that cover computer and communications technologies tend to be more vulnerable to patent infringement lawsuits than other types of technologies.

3. The Effect of Patent Scope on VC Financing

Venture capital financing

Venture capital (VC) financing can be a crucial source of capital for young companies. Unlike bank loans or the capital markets, VCs provide startups with pre-negotiated amounts of funds at an early stage that they can use to bring their innovative technology to market. Generally, the VC will purchase preferred ownership shares of the company at a predetermined price; they then sell these shares at a higher value in an exit when the firm has grown and its stock value increases.


Going public and market value

The patent scope of a startup is essential in determining whether or not they will go public and what their market value will be. This factor is especially critical for biotechnology firms that typically receive substantial research and development funding from venture capitalists.

For decades, economists have recognized the significance of patent breadth–or scope–to policymakers. By altering the length versus breadth of patent rights, authorities can affect incentives for innovation and the welfare effects from deadweight losses.

Contrary to patent length, which can be adjusted through renewal fees, patent scope is an amorphous area in which examiners exercise great discretion. This has inspired recent theoretical work on the optimal patent breadth.

Studies have examined the relationship between patent scope and quality. Some have discovered that greater patent coverage leads to more favorable outcomes for innovation; however, these studies are limited in their ability to detect such relationships because they rely solely on one measure of patent scope – the number of independent claims in a patent.

This measure is highly correlated with other indicators of patent quality. For instance, a high patent scope typically corresponds to fewer applications for patent protection.

Furthermore, a high patent scope is often linked to less successful M&A and IPO transactions. Furthermore, having such an expansive patent scope increases your vulnerability to litigation and bankruptcy.


Venture capital (VC), and patent value are two concepts closely related. Patents can be a key factor in attracting venture capital funding for startups. They can give investors a sense security and a competitive edge.

Patents provide legal protection to inventors who have created original inventions, designs, or processes. The holder is granted exclusive rights to use, make and sell the invention for a specified period. Patents are a valuable tool for startups as they protect their innovations against competitors and can provide an income stream via licensing agreements.

In VC funding, investors invest in startups and emerging companies for equity. VC funding is a type of financing that allows startups to grow their business and access industry experts.

Patents are a key factor when it comes to attracting investors for VC funding. A strong portfolio of patents can give investors a sense that they are investing in a company that has intellectual property worth monetizing. Patents are also a competitive advantage as they protect the company from imitators and copycats.

It’s important to remember that patents aren’t enough to attract VC funds. Investors are also interested in other factors, such as the potential market of the company, team strength, and overall business model. Startups must also be able communicate to investors the value of their intellectual property, emphasizing the revenue streams and competitive advantage that it can offer.

Patents are a key component in attracting VC funds for startups. However, they are only one part of the puzzle. In order to get funding, startups must have a solid business model. They also need to be able communicate their patent value to investors.